Resources

Cross-Border Giving

This section contains information on specific countries in downloadable PDF format. If the country you are particularly interested in has not been included, then please forward your request by email administration@philanthropy-impact.org

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A charitable trust can be set up by the simple expedient of making a gift or a legacy that the recipient takes 'on trust', to administer for an officially recognised 'public benefit' purpose.  Charities set up in England and Wales must have purposes which are all exclusively charitable, as...

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The word 'charity' does not describe an entity, but describes the status of an entity which is set up to meet certain defined eleemosynary objectives, and which having a public dimension falls to be regulated under the law and thereby attains certain exemptions from direct taxation. Such an...

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At present, charities are the sole recognised non-profit organisation unrestricted to specific activity (there are separate special exemptions for community organisations and certain sporting bodies).  Charities in Ireland must fall under four main 'heads' of charitable purpose which the Office...

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Greek law recognizes the following forms of non-profit entities:

Union of persons: A union of persons is formed when at least two individuals agree to pursue a lawful common purpose. It may not acquire legal personality.

Association: An association is a non-profit...

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In Germany 'charity', or Gemeinnützigkeit, only has relevance as a legal term in tax law. Under the heading of 'tax-privileged purposes' (steuerbegünstigte Zwecke) the General Fiscal Code (Abgabenordnung or AO) clarifies the concept of charity (Gemeinnützigkeit). In contrast, there are no...

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Three specific legal forms of NPO exist in France – associations, foundations and endowment funds – each of them with their own separate legal framework.

An association can be broadly defined as non-profit making organisation formed via an agreement between two or more...

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The laws governing the formation and subsequent regulation of non-profits are primarily those of the province of establishment. There is no single national prescribed legal form, although incorporation under the Canada Corporations Act is widespread.  The corporation is the most common form for...

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There have been recent calls to modernise the law in Bermuda relating to charitable organisations and we expect to see a comprehensive review of the Bermudian non-profit sector in the near future. In determining what is charitable, Bermuda law historically looks to the 1601 Elizabethan Statute...

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Like many European countries, Belgian law allows for two basic forms of non-profit organisations, the association and the foundation.  Associations can take a number of legal forms: the non-profit association (in French: ASBL or in Flemish: VZW) and the international non-profit association, (in...

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Two specific legal forms are prescribed for non-profits, associations and foundations, each with its own legal framework.. Foundations can be divided into public foundations established in accordance with the Austrian federal law on foundations, which possess permanent assets dedicated to the...

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